Country of Origin: United Kingdom
AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 18 of 196
AKC Classification: Toy group
UKC Classification: Companion Dog
Exercise Requirements: <20 minutes/day
Height: Female: 12 in.; Male: 13 in.
Weight: Female: 10-18 lbs.; Male: 13-18 lbs.
Physical traits: Well-balanced, Small, Square dog
Personality traits/Temperament: Affectionate, Gentle, Graceful
Energy Level: Average
Tendency to Drool: Low
Tendency to Snore: Low
Tendency to Bark: Low
Tendency to Dig: Low
Social/Attention Needs: High
Coat: Length: Medium
Colors: Red; red and white; black and tan; tricolor
Overall Grooming Needs: High
Appearance In 1934, the Kennel Club recognized two separate types of Cavaliers: the Standard and the Miniature. The Standard is considerably larger than the Miniature. The Kennel Club considers them separate breeds. In 1946, a standard for both types was drawn up by the club's Genetics Committee. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small breed with a proud erect carriage and an air of royal nonchalance. It is a delightful companion for the family, especially children. They are intelligent, alert, and eager to learn.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an active, graceful, well-balanced toy spaniel. True elegance and royal appearance are of paramount importance in the breed. Their body approaches squareness, and the head is proportionate to the size of the dog. The eyes are large, round, and ears set high. The skull is slightly rounded and the tails are well set.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a gentle, loving, and affectionate, fearless, and sporting. They have a happy temperament. They are intelligent and eager to please. Their intelligence makes them easy to train making them a great choice for the first-time dog owner. Cavaliers love their families but can also be wary of strangers, making them an excellent watch dog!
Cavaliers were bred to be a beloved lap dog that descended from sporting dogs and enjoys moderate exercise and outdoor activities. They like to go on walks with their owner and also performs well in several canine sports. Use paw balm daily to protect their feet. Cavaliers should not be allowed off-leash because they keep scenting and hunting instincts, and they may not come when called if they’ve found an interesting trail to follow or a creature to pursue.
There are several health issues that Cavaliers are prone to. These include mitral valve disease, which leads to heart failure, certain eye conditions (including retinal problems and cataracts), patella luxation, hip dysplasia, middle ear infections, and a neurological condition called syringomyelia. Their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years. Some dogs can develop itchy skin conditions where baths with a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner is recommended. Flea control is also essential. Breeders should screen for all these conditions to detect the disease early. Owners should discuss any potential health issues with their dog’s breeder.